Top 5 deserts of the world! Today: Gobi

Some days ago, I have started to share with you the top 5 deserts of the world presentation. Starting from the smallest one, up to the largest one, we already had the Patagonian Desert. Today I will continue with Gobi desert.

4.  Gobi Desert

The Gobi, meaning gravel-covered plain, is the largest desert region in Asia. It covers area in China and southern Mongolia. The desert basins of the Gobi are bounded by the Altai Mountains and the grasslands and steppes of Mongolia on the north, by the Tibetan Plateau to the southwest, and by the North China Plain to the southeast. The Gobi is made up of several distinct ecological and geographic regions based on variations in climate and topography. This desert is the fourth largest in the world.

The Gobi measures over 1,500 km from southwest to northeast and 800 km from north to south. The desert is widest in the west, along the line joining the Baghrash Kol and the Lop Nor . It occupies an arc of land 1,295,000 square km in area. Much of the Gobi is not sandy but is covered with bare rock.The Gobi is most notable in history as part of the great Mongol Empire, and as the location of several important cities along the Silk Road.

The Gobi desert is a cold desert, and it is not uncommon to see frost and occasionally snow on its dunes. Besides being quite far north, it is also roughly 900 meters above sea level, which further contributes to its low temperatures.Additional moisture reaches parts of the Gobi in winter as snow is blown by the wind from the Siberian Steppes. These winds cause the Gobi to reach extremes of temperature ranging from –40°C in Winter to +50°C in Summer.

The Gobi Desert is the source of many important fossil finds, including the first dinosaur eggs. These deserts and the surrounding regions sustain many animals, including black-tailed gazelles, marbled polecats, bactrian camels and sandplovers, and are occasionally visited by snow leopards, brown bears, and wolves. The desert features a number of drought-adapted shrubs such as gray sparrow’s saltwort, gray sagebrush, and low grasses such as needle grass and bridlegrass.

Currently, the Gobi desert is expanding at an alarming rate, in a process known as desertification. The expansion is particularly rapid on the southern edge into China, which has seen 3,600 square km of grassland overtaken every year by the Gobi Desert.

Source: Wikipedia

Below you have some photos from the Gobi desert. Enjoy!

Photo by Chris & Lara Pawluk

Photos by Pablo Pecora

Photos by Pablo Pecora

Photo by Jerrold Bennett

Photos by Pablo Pecora

Photo by Ben Beiske

Photo by Nanel4

Photo by alickmighall

Photo by John Latona

Photo by alickmighall

Come back in the next days for the other 3 desert which are part from the Top 5 largest deserts in the world! You can also subscribe to RSS channel (by e-mail or feed) to be announced when the next article is published.

[UPDATE] The series continue with:

3. Arabian desert
2. Sahara desert
1. Antarctic desert

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